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What Is A Hybrid App?

What are hybrid mobile applications?

Hybrid apps can be installed on any device just like any other application. They are distinguished by the fact that they combine elements from native apps (applications designed for specific platforms like iOS or Android) with elements from web app elements, websites that can be accessed via a browser and act as apps.

Hybrid apps can be deployed in native containers that use a mobile WebView object. This object displays web content when the app is being used thanks to the use web technologies (CSS and JavaScript, HTML5, HTML5).

It displays web pages from a desktop site that have been adapted for WebView. You can choose to display the web content as soon as you open the app or only for specific parts. For the purchase funnel.

To access the hardware features of a device (accelerometer camera, contacts ), it is possible to include native elements from each platform’s user interfaces. Native code will access these features to create seamless user experiences. If those functions are called in a WebView, hybrid apps can also depend on JavaScript APIs.

What are the benefits of hybrid apps?

Hybrid apps offer many advantages.

User experience combined with an agile development process and controlled costs.

Avoid the Apple App Store limitations: To deploy an app on the Apple App Store, you must submit the application and wait for validation. It will depend on the year and whether the application is new or old. It usually takes 1-7 days. Developers who want to frequently update their apps with hybrid apps have a huge advantage. It isn’t necessary to submit the new version again if you make changes to native code.

Resources: Most applications come with an iOS and Android version. These apps are developed using the appropriate programming language, such as Objective-C or Swift on iOS or Java for Android. Hybrid apps let you use programming languages that are frequently used by web developers (HTML and JavaScript, CSS), which allows them to reuse their knowledge. This makes it easier to find resources for a hybrid app.

Reusing the code from the web app section: The code is only written once and can be used across all mobile platforms.

Reduced development time and cost: The code is written once. This significantly reduces the development time and costs when compared to native applications that require development for iOS or Android.

What are the drawbacks of hybrid apps?

Hybrid apps only have a limited user interface. They don’t have native-feeling design. It’s not as intuitive. WebView is used, which limits the possibilities (3D) and doesn’t allow for full exploitation of the device’s potential.

It is difficult or impossible to fully exploit the platform’s capabilities. Every platform, whether it is iOS or Android has its own unique capabilities that developers may want to take advantage of. This will allow you to create a hybrid app using a combination code and plugins from the respective platforms. This complicates the app-development project.

Performance and transition between pages slower

Dependence on the browser’s performance

What will happen to your testing?

Automated Testing

A hybrid app can be tested in the same way as a web application. A script will be created for each case and the test phases appear to be simplified at first glance.

Get more information with our Automated Testing Guide

Complexity is created when native code is included in the application, which often happens. Thus, every test case will have multiple test scripts written in native languages of the platforms on which they are to be performed.

You will need to fix bugs on different platforms while keeping the versions synchronized.

Manual testing

The manual tests of a hybrid app are different from those conducted on native apps. This will be obvious when testing strategies are written. The type of tests and steps must be adjusted to accommodate the graphical aspects.

– A WebView calls presents an additional risk to the app. It is similar to calling a page inside a container. One will need to verify that the WebView integration is done correctly (no menu or double header, for example), and that it adapts to the screen resolutions of the devices (which means that the range of devices that will be tested will need to be expanded).

– Functional tests must be more detailed, especially on click zones or Call to Actions (functioning and size, …).).

– Mobile behavior can also impact the web app component (no signal or data loss, orientation change, interruptions, etc.). This is why special attention needs to be given.

– Next, one needs to examine native-WebView interactions in relation to account/session dimensions. A seamless WebView experience is required when a user logs in to the native section of the app (no need for a reconnect, for example).

Manual testing is therefore a challenge because it will not be easy to verify that the user experience was smooth. The decision between a native or hybrid app is technical. It’s an organizational and internal decision. It should not have any effect on the users.

How do you choose the right type of app?

An organization must consider a number of factors before deciding to create a hybrid app. This is to ensure that the digital product will bring its users satisfaction and deliver the expected business results.

These questions will assist in selecting the right development strategy to make your project a success.

Which user group is it?

How can our users access the app?

Is it possible to get it in App Stores

Is it necessary to keep it updated?

How complex are the functionalities we want to develop?

Are we required to use the native functions of the device?

What type of user experience do you want to offer?

What are our development resources

…while still keeping the limitations and advantages of hybrid apps in your mind.